The First Natively Developed Array Radio Telescope-- Array for Microwave Background Anisotropy (AMiBA) Radio Telescope — Inaugurated in Mauna Loa, Hawaii, on October 3rd
The completion ceremony for the first phase of construction of the world’s first cosmic microwave background radiation array radio telescope, jointly developed by National Taiwan University and Academia Sinica, was attended by Dr. Lee Yuan-Tseh, president of Academia Sinica, and Dr. Lee Si-chen, President of National Taiwan University. The NTU President S.C. Lee officially announced that the AMiBA is named as the “Yuan Tseh Lee Array for Microwave Background Anisotropy”.
The state-of-the art telescope was jointly built by Academia Sinica's Institute of Astronomy and Astrophysics (ASIAA), National Taiwan University’s Department of Physics and Department of Electrical Engineering. Designing highly sensitive radio telescopes that can detect faint radiation signals from the infant universe is a major challenge facing today’s astronomers, and the new radio telescope is the perfect tool to overcome this challenge.
Another goal of the AMiBA Radio Telescope is to utilize the Sunnyaev Zeldovich effect to study the distribution of high red-shift clusters of galaxies in order to better understand the primordial structure of the early universe. Given that there are very few precision observation devices that can use 3mm waves to collect Sunnyaev Zeldovich effect data, AMiBA should be very competitive in its applications.